8. Juni Wahlen finden in Großbritannien traditionell an Donnerstagen statt. Wählen dürfen in der Regel alle mindestens 18 Jahre alten Briten und Iren. verbundene Wahl der wichtigsten Verfassungsorgane - Staatspräsident .. Die wichtigsten Wahlen in Großbritannien sind die Wahlen zum Un- terhaus, das. Die Wahl zum Unterhaus im Vereinigten Königreich fand am 8. Juni statt. Es war die .. 0,0, 0,0. Socialist Party of Great Britain, 0, 0,0, 0, 92, 0,0, 0,0.
On two occasions since World War II — and February — a party that came in second in the popular vote actually came out with the larger number of seats.
Electoral reform for parliamentary elections have been proposed many times. Under this proposal, most MPs would be directly elected from constituencies by the alternative vote , with a number of additional members elected from "top-up lists.
The general election resulted in a hung parliament no single party being able to command a majority in the House of Commons. This was only the second general election since World War II to return a hung parliament, the first being the February election.
The Conservatives gained the most seats ending 13 years of Labour government and the largest percentage of the popular vote, but fell 20 seats short of a majority.
The Conservatives and Liberal Democrats entered into a new coalition government , headed by David Cameron. Under the terms of the coalition agreement the government committed itself to hold a referendum in May on whether to change parliamentary elections from first-past-the-post to AV.
Electoral reform was a major priority for the Liberal Democrats, who favour proportional representation but were able to negotiate only a referendum on AV with the Conservatives.
The coalition partners campaigned on opposite sides, with the Liberal Democrats supporting AV and the Conservatives opposing it. The referendum resulted in the Conservative's favour and the first-past-the-post system was maintained.
Since the s the two main political parties in the UK, in terms of the number of seats in the House of Commons , are the Conservative and Unionist Party and the Labour Party.
The Scottish National Party has the second largest party membership  , but a smaller number of MPs as it only fields candidates for constituencies in Scotland .
The modern day Conservative Party was founded in and is an outgrowth of the Tory movement or party, which began in The modern Liberal Party had been founded in as an outgrowth of the Whig movement or party which began at the same time as the Tory Party and was its historical rival as well as the Radical and Peelite tendencies.
The Liberal Party was one of the two dominant parties along with the Conservatives from its founding until the s, when it rapidly declined in popularity, and was supplanted on the left by the Labour Party, which was founded in and formed its first minority government in Since that time, the Labour and Conservative parties have been dominant, with the Liberals later Liberal Democrats being the third-largest party until , when they lost 49 of their 57 seats, while the Scottish National Party gained 56 seats.
Founded in , the SNP advocates Scottish independence and has had continuous representation in Parliament since At the most recent general election in , the Conservatives, although increased their share of the vote; lost their overall majority in the House of Commons after previously commanding a majority for two years between However, the Conservatives did manage to gain 12 new seats in Scotland, as well as retaining the one seat from the previous election.
This was the best Conservative Party result in Scotland since the general election. The Conservative Party won the largest number of seats at the general election, returning MPs plus the Speaker's seat, uncontested, bringing the total MPs to , enough for an overall majority, and went on to form the first Conservative majority government since the The Conservatives won only seats at the general election, but went on to form a confidence and supply deal with the DUP Democratic Unionist Party who got 10 seats in the House of Commons, allowing the Conservative Party to remain in government.
The Court Party soon became known as the Tories , a name that has stuck despite the official name being 'Conservative'.
The term "Tory" originates from the Exclusion Bill crisis of - the Whigs were those who supported the exclusion of the Roman Catholic Duke of York from the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland, and the Tories were those who opposed it.
Both names were originally insults: Generally, the Tories were associated with lesser gentry and the Church of England, while Whigs were more associated with trade, money, larger land holders or "land magnates" , expansion and tolerance of Catholicism.
The Rochdale Radicals were a group of more extreme reformists who were also heavily involved in the cooperative movement. They sought to bring about a more equal society, and are considered by modern standards to be left-wing.
After becoming associated with repression of popular discontent in the years after , the Tories underwent a fundamental transformation under the influence of Robert Peel , himself an industrialist rather than a landowner, who in his " Tamworth Manifesto " outlined a new "Conservative" philosophy of reforming ills while conserving the good.
Though Peel's supporters subsequently split from their colleagues over the issue of free trade in , ultimately joining the Whigs and the Radicals to form what would become the Liberal Party , Peel's version of the party's underlying outlook was retained by the remaining Tories, who adopted his label of Conservative as the official name of their party.
The Conservatives were in government for eighteen years between , under the leadership of the first-ever female Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher , and former Chancellor of the Exchequer John Major Their landslide defeat at the general election saw the Conservative Party lose over half their seats gained in , and saw the party re-align with public perceptions of them.
The Conservatives lost all their seats in both Scotland and Wales, and was their worst defeat since After thirteen years in opposition, the Conservatives returned to power as part of a coalition agreement with the Liberal Democrats in , going on to form a majority government in The Conservative Party is the only party in the history of the United Kingdom to have been governed by a female Prime Minister.
This resulted in the merger between the Conservatives and Joseph Chamberlain's Liberal Unionist Party , composed of former Liberals who opposed Irish home rule.
The unionist tendency is still in evidence today, manifesting sometimes as a scepticism or opposition to devolution, firm support for the continued existence of the United Kingdom in the face of movements advocating independence from the UK, and a historic link with the cultural unionism of Northern Ireland.
The Labour Party won the second-largest number of seats in the House of Commons at the general election, with seats overall.
The history of the Labour Party goes back to , when a Labour Representation Committee was established and changed its name to "The Labour Party" in After the First World War , this led to the demise of the Liberal Party as the main reformist force in British politics.
The existence of the Labour Party on the left-wing of British politics led to a slow waning of energy from the Liberal Party, which has consequently assumed third place in national politics.
After performing poorly at the general elections of , and , the Liberal Party was superseded by the Labour Party as being the party of the left.
Following two brief spells in minority governments in and —, the Labour Party won a landslide victory after World War II at the " khaki election "; winning a majority for the first time ever.
Throughout the rest of the twentieth century, Labour governments alternated with Conservative governments. The Labour Party suffered the "wilderness years" of three consecutive general election defeats and four consecutive general election defeats.
During this second period, Margaret Thatcher , who became Leader of the Conservative Party in , made a fundamental change to Conservative policies, turning the Conservative Party into an economically liberal party.
At the general election , she defeated James Callaghan 's Labour government following the Winter of Discontent. For all of the s and most of the s, Conservative governments under Thatcher and her successor John Major pursued policies of privatisation , anti- trade-unionism , and, for a time, monetarism , now known collectively as Thatcherism.
The Labour Party elected left-winger Michael Foot as their leader in , and he responded to dissatisfaction within the Labour Party by pursuing a number of radical policies developed by its grassroots members.
In , several centrist and right-leaning Labour MPs formed a breakaway group called the Social Democratic Party SDP , a move which split Labour and is widely believed to have made the Labour Party unelectable for a decade.
The SDP formed an alliance with the Liberal Party which contested the and general elections as a pro-European, centrist alternative to Labour and the Conservatives.
After some initial success, the SDP did not prosper partly due to its unfavourable distribution of votes by the First-Past-The-Post electoral system , and was accused by some of splitting the Labour vote.
Support for the new party has increased since then, and the Liberal Democrats often referred to as Lib Dems gained an increased number of seats in the House of Commons at both the and general elections.
The Labour Party was defeated in a landslide at the general election , and Michael Foot was replaced shortly thereafter by Neil Kinnock as party leader.
Kinnock progressively expelled members of Militant , a far left group which practised entryism , and moderated many of the party's policies.
Despite these changes, as well as electoral gains and also due to Kinnock's negative media image, Labour was defeated at the and general elections, and he was succeeded by Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer , John Smith.
He continued to move the Labour Party towards the "centre" by loosening links with the unions and continuing many of Margaret Thatcher's neoliberal policies.
This coupled with the professionalising of the party machine's approach to the media, helped Labour win a historic landslide at the general election , after eighteen consecutive years of Conservative rule.
Some observers say the Labour Party had by then morphed from a democratic socialist party to a social democratic party, a process which delivered three general election victories but alienated some of its core base; leading to the formation of the Socialist Labour Party UK.
A subset of Labour MPs stand as joint Labour and Co-operative candidates due to a long-standing electoral alliance between the Labour Party and the Co-op Party - the political arm of the British co-operative movement.
At the general election , 42 candidates stood using the Labour and Co-operative Party ticket,  of which 24 were elected. This was an increase of 50 MPs on the result achieved in The SNP has enjoyed parliamentary representation continuously since After the Scottish parliamentary election, the SNP won enough seats to form a majority government, the first time this had ever happened since devolution was established in Members of the Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru work together as a single parliamentary group  following a formal pact signed in This group currently has 39 MPs.
The Liberal Democrats won the joint-fourth largest number of seats at the general election, returning 8 MPs. The Liberal Democrats were founded in by an amalgamation of the Liberal Party with the Social Democratic Party, but can trace their origin back to the Whigs and the Rochdale Radicals who evolved into the Liberal Party.
The term ' Liberal Party ' was first used officially in , though it had been in use colloquially for decades beforehand.
The Liberal Party formed a government in and then alternated with the Conservative Party as the party of government throughout the late-nineteenth century and early-twentieth century.
The Liberal Democrats are a party with policies on constitutional and political reforms, including changing the voting system for general elections UK Alternative Vote AV referendum, , abolishing the House of Lords and replacing it with a member elected Senate, introducing fixed five-year Parliaments, and introducing a National Register of Lobbyists.
They also support what they see as greater fairness and social mobility. In the coalition government, the party promoted legislation introducing a pupil premium - funding for schools directed at the poorest students to give them an equal chance in life.
Founded in by Ian Paisley , it has grown to become the larger of the two main unionist political parties in Northern Ireland. Plaid Cymru has enjoyed parliamentary representation continuously since and had 3 MPs elected at the general election.
Following the Welsh Assembly elections, they joined Labour as the junior partner in a coalition government, but have fallen down to the third-largest party in the Assembly after the Assembly elections, and have become an opposition party.
It also has seats in the European Parliament , two seats on the London Assembly and around local councillors.
They campaign mainly on issues such as reducing immigration and EU withdrawal. The Respect party, a left-wing group that came out of the anti-war movement had a single MP, George Galloway from , and again between There are usually a small number of Independent politicians in parliament with no party allegiance.
In modern times, this has usually occurred when a sitting member leaves their party, and some such MPs have been re-elected as independents.
However, since , only two new members have been elected as independents without having ever stood for a major party:.
It also has a number of councillors. The Libertarian Party was founded in and has contested several local elections and parliamentary constituencies, gaining some local councillors.
The English Democrats , which wants a parliament for England, has some local councillors and had its candidate elected mayor of Doncaster in Several local parties contest only within a specific area, a single county, borough or district.
The most notable local party is Health Concern , which controlled a single seat in the UK Parliament from to The Jury Team , launched in March and described as a "non-party party", is an umbrella organisation seeking to increase the number of independent members of both domestic and European members of Parliament in Great Britain.
The OMRLP are distinguished by having a deliberately bizarre manifesto , which contains things that seem to be impossible or too absurd to implement — usually to highlight what they see as real-life absurdities.
In spite of or perhaps because of a reputation more satirical than serious, they have routinely been successful in local elections. After winning the largest number of seats and votes in the general election, the Conservatives first under David Cameron and now under Theresa May remain ahead of the Labour Party, led by Jeremy Corbyn since September The SNP has maintained its position in Scotland, the party was just short of an overall majority at the Scottish parliamentary elections in May However a turbulent referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union, called for by David Cameron, led to his own resignation, the appointment of a new prime minister Theresa May, and divided opinion on Europe amongst the party.
In addition, the EU referendum campaign plunged the Labour Party into crisis and resulted in a motion of no confidence in the party leader Jeremy Corbyn being passed by the party's MPs in a vote,  which followed a significant number of resignations from the Shadow Cabinet.
This was won by Jeremy Corbyn with an increased majority. He went on to lead the Labour party at the election, where they gained 30 seats.
Following the vote to leave the European Union, Nigel Farage offered his own resignation as leader, something he had campaigned for since A leadership contest also took place in the Green Party, which led to the joint election on 2 September of Jonathan Bartley and Caroline Lucas as co-leaders, who took over the role in a job-share arrangement.
Strategic cross-party alliances have been initiated, including a " progressive alliance " and a "Patriotic Alliance",   as proposed by UKIP donor Aaron Banks.
All political parties have membership schemes that allow members of the public to actively influence the policy and direction of the party to varying degrees, though particularly at a local level.
The table below details the membership numbers of political parties that have more than 5, members. No data could be collected for the four parties of Northern Ireland: The UK is divided into a variety of different types of Local Authorities , with different functions and responsibilities.
England has a mix of two-tier and single-tier councils in different parts of the country. In Greater London , a unique two-tier system exists, with power shared between the London borough councils, and the Greater London Authority which is headed by an elected mayor.
The UK's membership in the Union has been a major topic of debate over the years and has been objected to over questions of sovereignty,  and in recent years there have been divisions in both major parties over whether the UK should form greater ties within the EU, or reduce the EU's supranational powers.
Opponents of greater European integration are known as " Eurosceptics ", while supporters are known as "Europhiles".
Division over Europe is prevalent in both major parties, although the Conservative Party is seen as most divided over the issue, both whilst in Government up to and after , and between those dates as the opposition.
However, the Labour Party is also divided, with conflicting views over UK adoption of the euro whilst in Government — British nationalists have long campaigned against European integration.
In March , Parliament decided to not hold a referendum on the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon , signed in December Terms and conditions of the sale.
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Learn more - opens in a new window or tab. There are 39 items available. This was the first election in which Labour gained a majority of seats, and also the first time it won a plurality of votes.
The election was a disaster for the Liberal Party ; it lost all its urban seats, while its leader Archibald Sinclair lost his rural seat of Caithness and Sutherland.
According to Baines, the defeat marked its transition from being a party of government to a party of the political fringe. This was the final election that the Liberal Nationals fought as an autonomous party, as they merged with the Conservative Party two years later, continuing to exist as a subsidiary party of the Conservatives until Future Conservative Prime Minister Harold Macmillan lost his seat, returning to Parliament at a by-election later in the year.
With the Second World War coming to an end in Europe, the Labour Party decided to pull out of the wartime national coalition government, precipitating an election which took place in July King George VI dissolved Parliament, which had been sitting for ten years without an election.
What followed was perhaps one of the greatest swings of public confidence of the twentieth century. The greatest factor in Labour's dramatic win appeared to be the policy of social reform.
The Beveridge Report , published in , proposed the creation of a welfare state. It called for a dramatic turn in British social policy, with provision for nationalised healthcare, expansion of state-funded education, National Insurance and a new housing policy.
The report was extremely popular, and copies of its findings were widely purchased, turning it into a best-seller. The Labour Party adopted the report eagerly.
As Churchill's personal popularity remained high, the Conservatives were confident of victory and based much of their election campaign on this, rather than proposing new programmes.
However, people distinguished between Churchill and his party—a contrast which Labour repeatedly emphasised throughout the campaign.
Voters also harboured doubts over Churchill's ability to lead the country on the domestic front. In addition to the poor Conservative general election strategy, Churchill went so far as to accuse Attlee of seeking to behave as a dictator, in spite of Attlee's service as part of Churchill's war cabinet.
In the most famous incident of the campaign, Churchill's first election broadcast on 4 June backfired dramatically and memorably.
Denouncing his former coalition partners, he declared that Labour "would have to fall back on some form of a Gestapo " to impose socialism on Britain.
Attlee responded the next night by ironically thanking the Prime Minister for demonstrating to people the difference between Churchill the great wartime leader and Churchill the peacetime politician, and argued the case for public control of industry.
Another blow to the Conservative campaign was the memory of the s policy of appeasement , which had been conducted by Churchill's Conservative predecessors, Neville Chamberlain and Stanley Baldwin , and was at this stage widely discredited for allowing Adolf Hitler 's Germany to become too powerful.
The inter-war period had been dominated by Conservatives. With the exception of two brief minority Labour governments in and —, the Conservatives had been in power for its entirety.
As a result, the Conservatives were generally blamed for the era's mistakes, not merely for appeasement but for the inflation and unemployment of the Great Depression.
Labour played to the concept of "winning the peace" that would follow the Second World War. Possibly for this reason, there was especially strong support for Labour in the armed services , who feared the unemployment and homelessness to which the soldiers of the First World War had returned.
It has been claimed that the pro left-wing bias of teachers in the armed services was a contributing factor, but this argument has generally not carried much weight, and the failure of the Conservative governments in the s to deliver a "land fit for heroes" was likely more important.
The differing strategies of the two parties during wartime also gave Labour an advantage. Labour continued to attack pre-war Conservative governments for their inactivity in tackling Hitler, reviving the economy, and re-arming Britain,  while Churchill was less interested in furthering his party, much to the chagrin of many of its members and MPs.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Map excludes Northern Ireland.
Conservative total includes Ulster Unionists. The 8 seats won by National Labour in were not defended. Simon and Schuster Lynch, Michael , "1.
Britain in Transition — , Oxford: Addison, Paul , The Road to British politics and the Second World War , London: Cape Baines, Malcolm , "The liberal party and general election", Contemporary Record , 9 1: Elections and referendums in the United Kingdom.
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Views Read Edit View history.Als jedoch die Koalitionsgespräche mit den Liberal Democrats scheiterten, trat er zurück. Scheiden Abgeordnete aus dem Parlament aus, so gibt es keine automatischen Nachrücker. Seit ist der als sehr weit Beste Spielothek in Haan finden geltende Jeremy Corbyn Parteichef. Der kleinste Wahlkreis in Beste Spielothek in Dösham finden war Wirral West mit Arfon Wales ist der kleinste Beste Spielothek in Bettenhausen finden. Kongresswahlen in den USA. Am öffentlichen Gesundheitssystem wurden ebenfalls gegensätzliche Standpunkte plus 500 kosten gemacht. Beste Spielothek in Furth Weikersdorf finden Partei hat vor, eine Minderheitsregierung zu bilden. Die Casino rama weirs, auch Tories genannt, bekennen sich zum privaten Unternehmertum und zur kapitalistischen Wirtschaftsform. David Cameron Conservative Party. Danach wurde Selbstkritik geübt und die Methoden zur Ermittlung der Umfrageergebnisse wurden zum Teil revidiert. Scheiden Abgeordnete aus dem Parlament aus, so gibt es keine automatischen Nachrücker. MPs back plans for 8 June poll. Murmeltiertag im Vereinigten Königreich: General election will go ahead on 8 June, says May. Über dieses Thema berichtete die tagesschau am Hier finden Sie die Ergebnisse der Parlamentswahl Es gibt zwar kein Gesetz, das der Königin die Teilnahme an der Wahl verbietet, trotzdem gehen sie oder die anderen Mitglieder der engeren königlichen Familie nicht wählen, und sie kandidieren auch nicht für politische Mandate. Nachwahlen haben dann einen Einfluss auf die amtierende Regierung, wenn diese nur über eine hauchdünne Mehrheit verfügt und diese durch eine Nachwahl verliert. Taktische Stimmabgabe Das Wahlsystem zwingt die meisten Wählerinnen und Wähler, wenn ihre Stimme Erfolg haben soll, sich zwischen den zumeist zwei aussichtsreichsten Kandidaten im Wahlkreis zu entscheiden. Labour and Plaid Cymru gain seats. Ihre zehn Abgeordneten vertreten teils radikale Ansichten. Gesetzlich festgelegt ist indes nicht, dass der Urnengang an einem bestimmten Wochentag stattfinden muss. Die Resultate werden in manchen Fällen gegen Daraufhin beauftrage Königin Elisabeth II.